Five Common Muscular Diseases

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Any motion, whether we are conscious of it or not, depends on muscles. When problems arise due to muscular disorders the body can feel weak and painful. Muscle disorders, also known as myopathy, can create difficulty for those dealing with certain muscular diseases.


Humans have three types of muscles: skeletal, smooth, and cardiac. Skeletal muscle is the only type of muscle in the body that is under voluntary control. Additionally, it is the muscle attached to bones by tendons. Smooth muscles are involuntary and can be found in the stomach, intestine, and blood vessels. They operate regardless of any decisions you make. Also, cardiac muscle, which refers to your heart, are involuntary.

Muscle diseases can occur at all ages and can be complicated and severe. Additionally, there are two different categories of muscle diseases: genetic and non-genetic. Genetic muscular diseases include disorders that are related to a gene disorder and involve muscular dystrophies. Other genetic muscle diseases include storage myopathies, mitochondrial diseases, periodic paralysis, and congenital myopathies. Unlike genetic diseases, non-genetic disorders are not genetic (hence the term “non” genetic). Instead, non-genetic conditions are acquired. Inflammatory muscle diseases, myasthenia gravis, and drugs or hormonal disorders involve non-genetic muscular diseases.


The following are causes of muscular disorders:

  • sprains or strains
  • cramps or tendinitis
  • genetic disorder
  • infections
  • inflammation
  • some cancers
  • diseases of nerves that can affect muscle function


The following are a few general symptoms that people may experience if they have muscular diseases:

  • Weakness and Fatigue: muscle weakness tends to be progressive and involves muscles located near the hip or shoulder
  • Trouble Moving: difficulty moving, such as walking, running, climbing stairs, or attempting to stand from a seated position
  • Trouble with Shoulder Muscles: difficulty in using shoulder muscles, such as lifting or carrying heavy loads, reaching above the head, or holding heavy items
  • Muscle Atrophy: shrinking muscle mass
  • Pain: defects in blood circulation, injury, or inflammation may cause pain in the muscles

Muscular Diseases


Fibromyalgia is a disorder that involves musculoskeletal pain. Researchers have determined the disease is caused by amplified pain sensations that are perceived by the brain. Fibromyalgia is more common among women. Although there is no cure for fibromyalgia, there are ways to manage symptoms, such as medications, exercise, and relaxation techniques.


Poliomyelitis, known as polio, is an infectious disease that strikes any age, but especially targets young children. There is no cure, although a polio vaccination can prevent the disease. It causes headache, fatigue, stiffness and pain and, in some cases, permanent paralysis.

Cerebral Palsy

As a result of brain damage, cerebral palsy involves an impairment or loss of motor function. People who have cerebral palsy are either born with the condition or it develops soon after birth. Problems associated with cerebral palsy include lack of muscle control, body movement, muscle coordination, and difficulty balancing.

Mitochondrial Myopathies

Mitochondria are known as the energy factories of the cell. Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy involves muscular and neurological problems, such as muscle weakness, difficulty exercising, hearing loss, difficulty balancing, seizures, and learning deficits.

Muscular Dystrophy

Usually caused by abnormal gene mutations, muscular dystrophy is a group of 30 genetic diseases that involve the loss and degeneration of muscle mass. Muscular dystrophy leads to muscle weakness. It is used as a broader term associated with genetic diseases due to the gene mutations that interfere with healthy muscle proteins. The most common types of muscular dystrophy include those that affect individuals in early childhood and males. Problems and symptoms include difficulty walking, losing the ability to walk, and difficulty breathing or swallowing.

Major forms of muscular dystrophy include:

  • Myotonic
  • Duchenne
  • Becker
  • Limb-girdle
  • Facioscapulohumeral
  • Congenital
  • Oculopharyngeal
  • Distal
  • Emery-Dreifuss

Although there is no cure for muscular dystrophy, certain medication and therapy can help to slow down the disease.


Click to access Facts_Genetics_P-210_1.pdf



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Song Lyric Sunday | “Daydream Believer” – The Monkees

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Song Lyric Sunday was created by Helen Vahdati from This Thing Called Life One Word at a Time and author Jim Adams from A Unique Title For Me is our current guest host. For complete rules or to join in the fun, click here.

This week’s theme is  “Animal.


This wasn’t a song I’d originally planned, but the passing of (band member) Peter Tork last month brought this group and song to mind from my grade school days, so I used this week’s theme in a group’s name… The Monkees.

Daydream Believer was composed by John Stewart shortly before he left the Kingston Trio and originally recorded by The Monkees, with Davy Jones singing the lead. The single reached No. 1 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart in December 1967, remaining there for four weeks, and peaked at No. 5 in the UK Singles Chart.

Stewart said that it was supposed to be the third in a trilogy of songs about suburban life. Married couples start out in an idealistic haze, but after a few years it wears off, and each sees the other as he or she really is. This is, supposedly, when genuine love is proven.


  • Many people did not think Daydream Believer would be popular. It had been turned down by We Five and Spanky and Our Gang, and even Davy Jones was “pissed off” about recording the song. His vocals show a hint of annoyance at the ongoing takes.
  • RCA Records did not like the song as written by Stewart either, and insisted on changing a critical word. Stewart originally wrote “Now you know how funky I can be,” but RCA wanted to change that to “Now you know how happy I can be”, as one meaning of “funky” is “smelly”.Stewart initially objected because it completely reversed the meaning of the line and made no sense in the context of the song. He relented because RCA was adamant and Stewart realized the song could well be a hit. In 2007, Stewart said that the proceeds of Daydream Believer “[didn’t just] pay the rent. It kept me alive all these years.”
  • In the album version, the track begins with a spoken dialogue that goes:
    • Chip Douglas: “7A…”
    • Davy Jones: “What number is this, Chip?”
    • Douglas (with probably the recording engineer): “SEVEN – A!”
    • Jones: “Okay, I don’t mean to get you excited, man. It’s ’cause I’m short, I know…”
  • Daydream Believer was the Monkees’ last No. 1 hit in the U.S.


See my Song Lyric Sunday selection for


Disclaimer: I have no copyrights to the song and/or video and/or hyperlinks to songs and/or videos and/or gifs above. No copyright infringement intended.

Daydream Believer

Compiled from Genius Lyrics, Google, Wikipedia,, and YouTube.
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